And in my humble opinion, they were wrong. Slavery could never survive - it was already dead in all but the most repressive regimes in the world. And the South would never have given up the right to own slaves peacefully. There was only one way for it to end. The north didn't directly fight the war to end slavery, but the south fought the war to maintain it. There was ultimately only going to be one country and it was not going to allow slavery.