Add to the confusion that there is no consensus on what the races are or how they are determined. At the ever expanding fringes, there is no consensus. There is no science in race. Is a Basque or even Spaniard Hispanic? Is a Turk white? Who knows? These are politically created groups and therefore some privilege from politics. No Hmong need apply. The "Asian-American" category is filled with Chinese and Japanese.
Growing up 50 years ago we understood the evil of racial policies. But now we seem to have the feeling that racial policies are OK as long as the "proper races" benefit. That just seems weird, especially when we know economics trumps race significantly.
And race based policies are contrary to equal protection laws. Even if developed to "help" a disadvantaged group.