Allowing open discrimination has the tendency to create civil unrest. We look to government to quell such instances in an attempt to keep order. There is no doubt a causative link between discriminative practices (along with other aspects of bigotry) and social unrest. Therefore it is the responsibility of the government to legislate in an attempt to diffuse such future implications of bigotry.
Case in point:Racial discrimination can affect adolescents' development - lead to depression and behavior problemsResearchers from the University of Georgia in Athens, the University of California-Davis and Iowa State University in Ames set out to evaluate the psychological adjustment of 714 African-American children. The children and their primary caregivers, usually the mothers, were personally interviewed in the home three times over a five-year period, beginning when the children were 10 to 12 years old. The study is part of a larger, ongoing joint project, the Family and Community Health Study, conducted with support from the National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH).
The children were interviewed about any racial discrimination they saw directed towards themselves and those close to them, feelings of depression, engagement in antisocial behavior and extent to which their friends expected and encouraged positive behavior. The children and their mothers were also interviewed about the mothers' parenting practices and the children's school experiences.
The researchers found that children whose experience with racially based insults, name calling and distrust increased as they moved into adolescence were more likely to report symptoms of depression, such as feeling irritable, having difficulty sleeping and having trouble concentrating in school. Boys were also more likely to become involved in antisocial behavior such as fighting and shoplifting.
The negative externalities associated with discrimination are far more costly to society than the benefit being allowed to refuse service based on bigotry.
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