The State should provide this service for anyone in distress
There should be a case by case review based on the risk taker's level of responsiblity
The risk taker should pay on a sliding scale, depending on his income
If you risk your life and an expensive rescue ensues, it should be 100% your responsibility
Other, please explain
if they're a citizen of they country they're in, the state should pay, if they're a tourist, bugger 'em and let 'em pay through the nose
"To waste, to destroy, our natural resources, to skin and exhaust the land instead of using it so as to increase its usefulness, will result in undermining in the days of our children the very prosperity which we ought by rights to hand down to them."~ Theodore Roosevelt (Message to Congress, Dec. 3, 1907)
I just took a look at Washington state's Emergency Management webpage, which includes the SAR program.
The state clearly developed its SAR program primarily for natural disasters (floods, wildfires, earthquakes, tsunamis, volcano eruptions, etc). I was unable to find anything about non-natural disaster type SAR efforts, like rescuing ignorant extreme sports nuts (but I've got somewhere to go and don't have time to look much deeper).
It appears that a lot of federal money goes into the program, in addition to state and local taxes. Additionally, there is a huge number of volunteers who work gratis for this program.
You tell your insurer what you plan to do and they decide your premium for it.
**** happens, if a mountain climber needs the help than he should get it. You are aware that if a boat gets lost in the ocean or is about to sink and they need rescue they can just press a button so the coast guard goes looking for them? The government is meant to rescue people no exceptions. If not where are all the heros going to do for work?
Hiking on a well known trail getting lost and or injured the SAR bill should not be sent to the rescued
climbing a mountain or hiking into the unknown then the bill should be sent to the rescued