It was desirable that the sense of the people should operate in the choice of the person to whom so important a trust was to be confided. This end will be answered by committing the right of making it, not to any preestablished body, but to men chosen by the people
for the special purpose, and at the particular conjuncture.
It was equally desirable, that the immediate election should be made by men most capable of analyzing the qualities adapted to the station, and acting under circumstances favorable to deliberation, and to a judicious combination of all the reasons and inducements which were proper to govern their choice. A small number of persons, selected by their fellow-citizens from the general mass
, will be most likely to possess the information and discernment requisite to such complicated investigations.
All these advantages will happily combine in the plan devised by the convention; which is, that the people of each State shall choose a number of persons as electors
, equal to the number of senators and representatives of such State in the national government, who shall assemble within the State, and vote for some fit person as President....