The recently deceased John Dewey was applauded by the American press as the most representative figure of American civilization. This is quite right. His theories are entirely representative of the vision of man and life which is the premise of Americanism and its 'democracy'. The essence of such theories is this: that everyone can become what he wants to, within the limits of the technological means at his disposal. Equally, a person is not what he is from his true nature, and there are no real differences between people, only differences in qualifications.
According to this theory, anyone can be what he wants to be if he knows how to train himself. This is obviously the case with the "self-made man"; in a society which has lost all sense of Tradition, the notion of personal aggrandizement will extend into every aspect of human existence, reinforcing the egalitarian doctrine of pure democracy. If the basis of such ideas is accepted, then all natural diversity has to be abandoned. Each person can presume to possess the potential of everyone else and the terms 'superior' and 'inferior' lose their meaning; every notion of distance and respect loses meaning; all life-styles are open to all. To all organic conceptions of life Americans oppose a mechanistic conception. In a society which has 'started from scratch', everything has the characteristic of being fabricated.
In American society, appearances are masks, not faces. At the same time, proponents of the American way of life are hostile to personality. The American 'open-mindedness', which is sometimes cited in their favour, is the other side of their interior formlessness. The same goes for their 'individualism'. Individualism and personality are not the same; the one belongs to the formless world of quantity, the other to the world of quality and hierarchy.
The Americans are the living refutation of the Cartesian axiom, "I think, therefore I am": Americans do not think, yet they are.
The American 'mind', puerile and primitive, lacks characteristic form and is therefore open to every kind of standardization. In a superior civilization, as, for example, that of the Indo-Aryans, the being who is without a characteristic form or caste... would emerge as a pariah. There is a role for pariahs. It is to be subjected to beings whose forms and internal laws are precisely defined.