The Armenians did become the enemy, while it could be debated as to why.
The total number of guerrillas in these irregular bands was 40,000–50,000
, according to Boghos Nubar, the president of the "Armenian National Delegation":
In the Caucasus, where, without mentioning the 150,000 Armenians in the Imperial Russian Army, more than 40,000
of their volunteers helpeds to liberate part of the Armenian vilayets, and where, under the command of their leaders, Antranik and Nazerbekoff, they, alone among the peoples of the Caucasus, offered resistance to the Turkish armies, from the beginning of the Bolshevist withdrawal right up to the signing of an armistice.