Last edited by Objective Voice; 03-09-15 at 01:26 PM.
"A fair exchange ain't no robbery." Tupac Shakur w/Digital Underground
The question presumes kind of an "anti-rapture", where people just magically pop up out of nowhere. There would have been some migration in the ensuing years without slavery, but not nearly as much, so the black population would be much smaller than it is now.
They would actually, probably, be better off, overall, partly because of the smaller numbers. Plus, the stigma of 'subhuman' wouldn't be there.
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Some would have different histories, likely in Africa, while many would not exist at all. While the blame for black slavery here often falls squarely on the shoulders of the white colonists, the fact is that black slaves were available to them because of tribal wars in Africa. The slaves brought here were the losers of the tribal wars. They sold the men and children and kept the women (at least some of them) as the spoils of war. So had there not been a market, they would likely have been killed.
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A slave has nothing but his memories. he can bring nothing with him to this strange new world he didn't choose to come to, and even his name is taken from him. He is left with nothing but stories and songs, but the chances that he will run into another slave that speaks the same language he does is low. The only tie of communication is a foreign language, one he likely lacks the words to translate the history of his people, or even himself with. He has nothing to offer to his children, if he even gets an opportunity to raise them himself. They are born slaves, and can be sold to another at any time, if their master so chooses. Once freed, slaves have nothing tying themselves together, save their history of oppression and similar appearances. Their last names are not even their own. They live in the destitution most would climb out of within a generation because they have nothing to draw courage from. To top it off, right when things start to look up for the blacks willing to rise above their ancestor's troubles, an entitlement culture is formed, leading to a stagnation of all they had been fighting to achieve.
Nature abhors a vacuum, and learned helplessness is the most likely thing to fill the hole when culture is taken from an ethnic group, especially when coupled with the soft bigotry of low expectations.