Usually it's politics.
“If we must have an enemy at the head of Government, let it be one whom we can oppose, and for whom we are not responsible, who will not involve our party in the disgrace of his foolish and bad measures.”
- Alexander Hamilton. Spiritual father of #NeverTrump
Personally, science and philosophy. If people want to justify their existence through other means, good for them.
Social democrat is no longer an accurate description of my views.
"To waste, to destroy, our natural resources, to skin and exhaust the land instead of using it so as to increase its usefulness, will result in undermining in the days of our children the very prosperity which we ought by rights to hand down to them."~ Theodore Roosevelt (Message to Congress, Dec. 3, 1907)
all of the above and then some is the only correct answer
it will be subjective for everybody.
Some wouldn't need, want or care about a substituted and some would
the first question would be does said person have a religion?
if yes what does religion provide for them?
do they need/want what it provides?
if so can it be obtained elsewhere?
for some theres nothing religion provides that cant be obtained else where and theres nothing or theres nothing they need from it and vice versa. For some they need it.
these will differ for most people.
A broad term but: spirituality?
Religions are just systems of dogmatic principles, and in some cases structural approaches that give the practitioner a chance to come close to the elevated level that another famous figure once had.
In that context, you can just replace religion with trying to inwardly better yourself as a human being in any way you can.
What a lazy poll. No explanation, just a vague question.
What substitutes for belly button lint?
Now there is a question to ponder your pupik.