the federal government has delegated powers only......and it states that.....right in the constitution they are delegated...amendment 10
the constitution is a limiting document, which creates federalism...it does not give or grant rights/freedoms.....it grants powers to the federal government only.....and those granted /delegated powers are the only ones government can act on .
the powers of the states are NOT LISTED IN THE CONSTITUTION....its not granting the states anything, as is granting to the federal government.......the Constitution just limits the states to the things listed in it and they are only a few things.....
the federal government powers are listed, meaning those are the only ones they have.
the state powers being not listed, meaning there a vast,/ numerous and infinite....because they are not limited by the constitution.
the delegated powers that are granted to the federal government though are .....NOT BROKEN DOWN, into laws which can be enacted by the government, that is why we have article 1 section 8 clause 18 .
congress has the power to punish counterfeiting, and piracy.......however the two clauses of article 1 section 8, dealing with those two issues....does not spell out how to punish..... so clause 18 grants the federal government power to create a federal law, which determines the procedures and actual punishment of those crimes....this is what is know as "implied powers"
the Constitution ....again does not grant or give rights/freedoms..voting , speech, bear a firearm....it gives you nothing
the bill of rights are not rights granted to the people........it is a document which places restrictions on the federal government, that it shall "create no laws", violating the rights ...which are recognized only by the constitution.
I DON'T UNDERSTAND WHEN PEOPLE TALK ABOUT THE CONSTITUTION, THEY TALK ABOUT NO RIGHT TO VOTE FOR WOMEN, OR BLACKS, AMONG OTHER THINGS.............THE CONSTITUTION HAS NOTHING TO DO WITH THOSE ISSUES.
the constitution setups, /creates the structure of the federal government, its branches and what powers each has,....it limits those powers, and a few to the states, and creates a separation of branches, and it also creates a separation of state and federal government powers, ...know has federalism.
so the Constitutions main goal is creating a......... separations of powers........known as a "MIXED GOVERNMENT"