The idea that one must always speak English, or even speak English at all, to be an American represents a fundamental misunderstanding of what liberty means. To be an American only requires that you believe that you have the freedom to live your life how you wish to and to respect the right of others to do the same.
Fast forward to today, and that mix is much more disproportional, with the dropout rate now shifting to 7% of Americans, but almost 30% of immigrants. So to argue the employment situation is similar to what it was in the 60's, and that these people are offered the same opportunities and hardships as the past, when we have a much more specialized economy and a much less competitive population is clearly a pipe dream.
The above pressures are also reflected in the research: <<<Economists often measure the rate of economic assimilation by calculating how the
wage gap between natives and a specific wave of immigrants narrows over time (see
Figure 1). Consider the group of immigrant men who arrived in the late 1960s at a
relatively young age (they were 25-34 years old in 1970). These immigrants earned 13
per cent less than comparably aged native workers at the time of entry. This wage gap
had narrowed to about 3 percentage points by 1998, when both immigrants and natives
were 53-62 years old. Overall, the process of economic assimilation reduced the initial
wage disadvantage of these immigrants by 10 percentage points over a thirty-year
period, and allowed them to almost ‘catch up’ with native earnings.
However, the young immigrants who arrived after 1970 face a much bleaker future –
simply because they start out with a much greater disadvantage. Consider those who
arrived in the late 1970s. By the late 1990s, twenty years after arrival, those immigrants
were still earning 12 per cent less than natives. The situation is even gloomier for those
who arrived in the late 1980s. They started out with a 23 per cent wage disadvantage,
but the wage gap actually grew, rather than narrowed, during the 1990s. If the historical
experience is used to extrapolate into the future, these cohorts should be able to
eventually narrow the gap by about 10 percentage points, so that these immigrants will
earn much less than natives throughout their working lives.
The Economic Integration of Immigrants in the United States: Lessons for Policy; Borjas
Last edited by Dr. Chuckles; 02-05-14 at 12:46 PM.
simply because it opens up many more job opportunities. In other words, immigrants
earn substantially more if they understand and speak English. For example, Hispanic
immigrants who speak English earn 17 per cent more than those who do not, even after
adjusting for differences in education and other socioeconomic characteristics between
the two groups. And as much as half of the wage narrowing that occurs between
immigrants and natives in the first twenty years after arrival can be attributed to the
gains from learning the English language.>>>
"Yes, but are you a Protestant atheist or a Catholic atheist?".- Northern Irish joke