View Poll Results: Should Amanda Knox Be Extradited to Prison in Italy?

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  • Yes, in accordance with the US-Italy extradition treaty.

    27 27.55%
  • Yes, she should be imprisoned somewhere, but maybe in the US.

    2 2.04%
  • No, Americans shouldn't be extradited to foreign nations even if they're guilty.

    12 12.24%
  • No, she isn't guilty.

    57 58.16%
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Thread: Should Amanda Knox Be Extradited to Prison in Italy?

  1. #331
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    Re: Should Amanda Knox Be Extradited to Prison in Italy?

    Quote Originally Posted by Jack Hays View Post
    No, but all US courts are empowered to act against a miscarriage of justice. In this case, I can easily imagine her attorney pointing out the absurdity of extradition for a crime of which she has been acquitted, and the miscarriage of justice that would represent.
    That may be the way she succeeds in avoiding extradition, but it would be a violation by the letter and the spirit of the treaty. A number of different US courts may well decide that that is a violation worth making, but there may be consequences in the long run.
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    Re: Should Amanda Knox Be Extradited to Prison in Italy?

    Quote Originally Posted by Andalublue View Post
    That may be the way she succeeds in avoiding extradition, but it would be a violation by the letter and the spirit of the treaty. A number of different US courts may well decide that that is a violation worth making, but there may be consequences in the long run.
    We'll just have to wait and see.
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    Re: Should Amanda Knox Be Extradited to Prison in Italy?

    Quote Originally Posted by Jack Hays View Post
    We'll just have to wait and see.
    Quite. I think she's in a lot more fortunate position than her ex-boyfriend. She may avoid returning to Italy; he's going down. Again.
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  4. #334
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    Re: Should Amanda Knox Be Extradited to Prison in Italy?

    Quote Originally Posted by Andalublue View Post
    Quite. I think she's in a lot more fortunate position than her ex-boyfriend. She may avoid returning to Italy; he's going down. Again.
    I suspect he'll try to run.
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  5. #335
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    Re: Should Amanda Knox Be Extradited to Prison in Italy?

    Quote Originally Posted by Andalublue View Post
    That may be the way she succeeds in avoiding extradition, but it would be a violation by the letter and the spirit of the treaty. A number of different US courts may well decide that that is a violation worth making, but there may be consequences in the long run.
    The US demands more extraditions from others countries each year than any other nation, so a lot will be put in jeopardy by our refusal to do so if Italy requests it. Furthermore, much more will play into any decision. Currently 23 CIA agents and other US personnel have now been convicted in Italian courts for abductions on their soil during the War on Terror. Their safe house villa was also recently confiscated and sold off to pay reparations to those families concerned. If the decision of the US State Department requires input from that agency for how they see the case, I don't think they will need more than 51 percent belief that she did it for them to recommend that Amanda should be sent back, if it is possible to get their agents off the hook. Even if that isn't in play, the United States risks losing a great deal of faith from others in regards to how they abide by the treaties they sign, especially since we ask so much, but are not willing to return the same when it can not be shown that the Italian courts did not act in good faith. Alan Dershowitz the Harvard professor of law and preeminent defense attorney has made this point as well. It might take a year or two, but it should be expected that she will be sent back. The question that should be in Amanda's mind is whether she would want to just go ahead and get it over with and possibly get out in a few years for good behavior, or continue to fight, only to be sent back, with very little sympathy left in Italy for her to ever stand a chance of getting an early release.
    Last edited by SayMyName; 02-18-14 at 08:57 AM.

  6. #336
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    Re: Should Amanda Knox Be Extradited to Prison in Italy?

    Here's the Full Massei Report and Summary in English, you can go and look at it and decide for yourself.

    The Massei Report Summary

    The Full Massei Report

    It's also interesting to note Professor David Balding, a world renowned DNA Expert at University College London (UCL) and author of the book 'Weight-of-Evidence for Forensic DNA Profiles' suggested that there was significant DNA on the Bra Strap in an Independent Review of the Evidence on behalf of the Italian Authorities and dismissed cross contamination as highly unlikely in last night BBC 4's 'Is Amanda Knox Guilty??'


    Professor David Balding recently published an analysis of the bra clasp DNA. It may be helpful to explain some terms found in this article. John Butler (Fundamentals of Forensic DNA Typing) defines the likelihood ratio (LR) as “The ratio of the probabilities of the same event under different hypotheses, and he explains that the prosecution’s hypothesis is usually the numerator, and the defense’s hypothesis is usually the denominator. A ban is a unit of expressing the weight of evidence (WoE). This scale is logarithmic; a likelihood ratio of three bans is equal to one thousand. Some months ago Dr. Balding was kind enough to answer some of my questions about this work.

    Does Raffaele Sollecito¹s DNA fall into the category of low template DNA, and if so, should two separate amplifications have been run?

    There’s no strict definition of “low-template” but broadly yes the peaks associated with Sollecito are low (but not those associated with Kercher, they are high). Conti-Vecchiotti discuss a threshold of 50 rfu below which a peak should not be relied on; in the UK, that threshold was used in the past but nowadays as techniques have improved the threshold is often lower, 25 or 30.

    However that doesn’t matter here as all the peaks associated with Sollecito are well above 50: there is a 65, a 70 and a 98, all the 26 other peaks are above 100. So it is not extremely low template - many low-template cases are successfully prosecuted in the UK even when some peaks fall below the threshold and so are discounted. In this case all the peaks associated with Sollecito seem clear and distinct so I think there can be no concern about the quality of the result as far as it concerns him or Kercher.

    Replication is generally a good thing and is nowadays done in most cases in my experience, but not all - one problem is that replication splits the sample and so can increase the chance of not getting a usable result. But although replication is desirable it is not essential. (In a sense there already is replication, because each of the 15 loci is an independent test.)

    This is all a matter of weight of evidence, which Conti-Vecchiotti paid no attention to: if you measure the weight of evidence properly, that accounts for the extra assurance that comes from replication and gives a stronger result (or conversely gives a weaker result if there is not replication). But because Sollecito is fully represented in the stain at 15 loci (we still only use 10 in the UK, so 15 is a lot), the evidence against him is strong even allowing for the additional uncertainty due to non-replication

    Are there contributors other than Raffaele Sollecito and Meredith Kercher to the autosomal profiles? If so, how does the presence of this additional DNA affect the bra clasp as evidence?

    Yes, Conti-Vecchiotti identified a further 12 above-threshold peaks at alleles that could not have come from Sollecito or Kercher. They correctly criticised the scientific police for ignoring these: many do appear to be stutter peaks which are usually ignored, but 4 are not and definitely indicate DNA from another individual. The extra peaks are all low, so the extra individuals contributed very little DNA. That kind of extraneous DNA is routine in low-template work: our environment is covered with DNA from breath and touch, including a lot of fragmentary DNA from degraded cells that can show up in low-template analyses.

    There is virtually no crime sample that doesn’t have some environmental DNA on it, from individuals not directly involved in the crime. This does create additional uncertainty in the analysis because of the extra ambiguity about the true profile of the contributor of interest, but as long as it is correctly allowed for in the analysis there is no problem - it is completely routine.

  7. #337
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    Re: Should Amanda Knox Be Extradited to Prison in Italy?

    Other experts disagree.

    Hampikian and 19 other U.S. forensic experts reviewed the DNA evidence in the Knox case in 2009 and found it shaky. Their letter to the Italian judge outlined their concerns that police mishandled their collection of blood samples from a kitchen knife found in the apartment of Knox and Kerchner, as well as Kercher's bra clasp.

    The U.S. experts' letter was not used in the original trial of Knox, in which she was found guilty. But its conclusions were upheld by two Italian independent experts who testified in the appeals trial in September. An eight-person jury found Knox and Sollecito not guilty on Monday.

    Hampikian reviewed the case for Discovery News.

    "What (the Italian forensic experts) found was that the knife recovered from Raffaele's apartment not only did not have traces of human blood, but it had not been cleaned in the way the prosecution said. They had said that Amanda bleached the knife. Instead, what experts appointed by the judge said was that the blade had potato starch on it. It was a typical kitchen knife. It was found in a kitchen drawer with other knifes. It wasn't well cleaned and it wasn't used as a murder weapon."

    The Italian prosecutors used a DNA detection limit far below that of the independent U.S. experts or the FBI in determining the presence of blood DNA on the blade, Hampikian said, which made contamination a much more likely source of the genetic material.

    The second piece of evidence was Kercher's bra clasp that allegedly had Sollecito's DNA but was inconclusive, according to Hampikian. Police investigators found no DNA from Sollecito or Knox on the rest of the bra, other items of Kercher's clothing, objects collected from Kercher's room, or in samples from her body. However they did find large amounts of DNA from Rudy Guede, a drifter from the Ivory Coast who was separately convicted of Kercher's murder and is serving 16 years in prison.
    How Dodgy DNA Freed Amanda Knox : Discovery News

    So the physical evidence is not beyond reasonable doubt.

    It was BBC 3 by the way.

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    Re: Should Amanda Knox Be Extradited to Prison in Italy?

    Quote Originally Posted by Jack Hays View Post
    I suspect he'll try to run.
    Unlikely. He returned from a country with no extradition treaty with Italy for the retrial. His passport has now been taken.

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    Re: Should Amanda Knox Be Extradited to Prison in Italy?

    Also, other experts interviewed by the BBC.

    Another point of contention was the discovery that a third, unknown person's DNA profile retrieved from the bra clasp was overlooked by investigators. The appeal court subsequently ruled that the evidence could no longer be relied upon.

    The precise mechanics of the process by which a person's DNA can be transferred from one object to another, without that person being present, is still poorly understood.

    Allan Jamieson, director of the Forensic Institute in Glasgow, is keen to highlight this problem.

    It is well known, he says, that DNA moves around very easily but "the reality is we don't know enough about DNA transfer to explain it".

    When an object is found to have traces of several people's DNA on it, this says little about who touched the object last, Dr Jamieson explains.

    "There's an unfortunate tendency for people in forensic science to want to be detectives and solve things, but that takes them beyond the science," he says.

    "The science doesn't [necessarily] assist you in cases like this, because there's a known mechanism of transfer."

    Jo Millington, a senior forensic scientist at Manlove Forensics, agrees. She says that "it's not really a case of who the DNA could have come from; it's more a question of how it got there".

    She adds: "In the Kercher case in particular, there's not been due consideration given to how DNA can be transferred and that's rife across DNA analysis in the UK."
    BBC News - Kercher trial: How does DNA contamination occur?

  10. #340
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    Re: Should Amanda Knox Be Extradited to Prison in Italy?

    Quote Originally Posted by Chatter View Post
    Here's the Full Massei Report and Summary in English, you can go and look at it and decide for yourself.

    The Massei Report Summary

    The Full Massei Report

    It's also interesting to note Professor David Balding, a world renowned DNA Expert at University College London (UCL) and author of the book 'Weight-of-Evidence for Forensic DNA Profiles' suggested that there was significant DNA on the Bra Strap in an Independent Review of the Evidence on behalf of the Italian Authorities and dismissed cross contamination as highly unlikely in last night BBC 4's 'Is Amanda Knox Guilty??'
    Just for balance's sake, here's a link to the Hellmann-Zanetti report which explains why the guilty verdict by the lower court was overturned.

    Contents | The Hellmann-Zanetti Report

    If you want to be taken seriously in this thread you need to link to both and refrain from linking to highly biased websites. The entire case needs to be completely re-examined. Anyone with any shred of a sense of justice and who actually paid attention to the entire process, not just the initial trial, can't possibly come to any kind of conclusion about the guilt of these two people. It's utterly impossible to argue their guilt with any degree of certainty after reading extensively on the case.

    I've read almost everything I could get my hands on with the exception of Meredith's father's book. If I were to recommend just one book on the case, John Follain's book "A Death in Italy" is one of the least biased reports on the case. It's required reading along with the Massei and the Hellmann reports.
    "Yes, but are you a Protestant atheist or a Catholic atheist?".- Northern Irish joke

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