the founders did not choose democracy becuase they read books of why governments fail, and democracy fails.
democracy concentrates 100% direct power into the hands of the people, and this leads to majority rule.....thats what democracy is majority rule, and the founders hated that because the rights of the minority are not protected.
the founders sought to spread power out ,not concentrate it, that is why republican government.. the people are given 50% of direct power, and the state legislatures are given 50% of direct power, and the people are given 100 % indirect power thru the vote...for the house and their state officials.
madison is saying in federalist 47, if you give anyone, or group or all of the people all direct power they will misuse it and become tyrannical.
federalist 47--The accumulation of all powers, legislative, executive, and judiciary, in the same hands, whether of one, a few, or many, and whether hereditary, selfappointed, or elective, may justly be pronounced the very definition of tyranny.
democracy is collectivism, and because the house is by direct election, collectivist legislation can come from that lower side of the house, but because the senate is in the hands of the state legislature, its interest is different than the house, it serves as a block to stop the collectivist bills of the house, and Madison states in federalist 63.
federalist 63--The true distinction between these and the American governments, lies in the total exclusion of the people, in their collective capacity, from any share in the latter, and not in the total exclusion of the representatives of the people from the administration of the former.
madison states that the senate is the first bulwark against collectivism, and the USSC the second, as Madison states...the states are the guardian of the rights of the people.
the founders created the government this way, so that BOTH the interest of the states and the people have to come together for any legislation in congress to pass.
the house is the interest of the people, and the senate is the interest of the states...........both sides have to agreed and their interest met, for any bill to become law.
in the 1890 progressives came into being and the idea of america as a democracy was promoted and taught, this was a lie!
the founders state clearly that republican government is the most HIGHEST FORM OF GOVERNMENT, and the people have to be educated or it will be lost, and turn into majority rule, and destroy itself.