I blame Whitey!
You don't need an "institutional affect" for it to be racism....
rac·ism [rey-siz-uhm] Show IPA
1. a belief or doctrine that inherent differences among the various human races determine cultural or individual achievement, usually involving the idea that one's own race is superior and has the right to rule others.
2. a policy, system of government, etc., based upon or fostering such a doctrine; discrimination.
3. hatred or intolerance of another race or other races.
Argue with the accepted meaning of the word in our modern language. You can't just change the definition to suit yourself.
PS: I still blame whitey. Of course by your definition since I am hurting no one that statement is not racist.
No Lives Matter
Explain how bigotry has a "huge" effect on black people, and I'm not talking about things that are already illegal, such as illegal discriminatory hiring practices.
I find one of the links interesting where they talk about special education. Do you actually believe that schools just throw black children into special education classes for the hell of it? Or do you think perhaps these children really do have special needs. Perhaps because they come from a poor household with a single parent who spends much of his/her time at work and doesn't have the time to actually teach their child or help their child to overcome difficulties at school?
I've got to say that some of the things included in those links show some seriously paranoid thought processes. THAT is worrisome.
My point is, sociology as a whole is based on interpretation. It doesn't matter if articles are peer reviewed by other sociologists because the study as a whole is rooted in interpretation.
"And in the end, we were all just humans, drunk on the idea that love, only love, could heal our brokenness."
No Lives Matter
He's not just claiming to define what constitutes racism, he's also claiming to define what isn't racism. He's doing it wrong.
If you hate capitalism so much, then just write everything in lower case. Problem solved.