"...I wish these assurances were true. They aren't.
Tests DO show an IQ deficit, not just for Africans relative to Europeans, but for Europeans relative to Asians. Economic and cultural theories have failed to explain most of the pattern
, and there's strong preliminary evidence that part of it is genetic. It's time to prepare for the possibility that equality of intelligence, in the sense of racial averages on tests, will turn out Not to be true.
If this suggestion makes you angry—if you find the idea of genetic racial advantages outrageous, socially corrosive, and unthinkable—you're not the first to feel that way. Many Christians are going through a similar struggle over evolution
. Their faith in human dignity rests on a literal belief in Genesis. To them, evolution isn't just another fact; it's a threat to their whole value system
. As William Jennings Bryan put it during the Scopes trial, evolution meant elevating "supposedly superior intellects," "eliminating the weak," "paralyzing the hope of reform," jeopardizing "the doctrine of brotherhood," and undermining "the sympathetic activities of a civilized society."
The same values—equality, hope, and brotherhood—are under scientific threat today. But this time, the threat is racial genetics, and the people struggling with it are Liberals
Evolution forced Christians to bend or break. They could insist on the Bible's literal truth and deny the facts, as Bryan did. Or they could seek a subtler account of creation and human dignity. Today, the dilemma is yours. [u]You can try to reconcile evidence of racial differences with a more sophisticated understanding of equality and opportunity[u]. Or you can fight the evidence and hope it doesn't break your faith.
I'm for reconciliation
. Later this week, I'll make that case. But if you choose to fight the evidence, here's what you're up against.
Among white Americans, the average IQ, as of a decade or so ago, was 103
. Among Asian-Americans, it was 106
. Among Jewish Americans, it was 113
. Among Latino Americans, it was 89
. Among African-Americans, it was 85
. Around the World, studies find the same
general pattern: whites 100
, East Asians 106,
sub-Sarahan Africans 70.
One IQ table shows 113 in Hong Kong, 110 in Japan, and 100 in Britain. White populations in Australia, Canada, Europe, New Zealand, South Africa, and the United States score closer to one another than to the worldwide black average. It's been that way for at least a century.