I define smart as the ability to grasp a concept previously foreign to you. so based on that definition, I have no idea as I have not had the opportunity to measure his ability
Henry Louis Gates
Obama Wades Into a Volatile Racial Issue - News Analysis - NYTimes.com
Shirley Sherrod fired
Ousted ag official unsure about returning - politics - msnbc.com
And learned NOT to get involved in these types of issues again. Most people are not able to handle an honest debate or discussion even, about race. It can only devolve even if one of the many involved can handle it.
“I think if Thomas Jefferson were looking down, the author of the Bill of Rights, on what’s being proposed here, he’d agree with it. He would agree that the First Amendment cannot be absolute.” - Chuck Schumer (D). Yet, Madison and Mason wrote the Bill of Rights, according to Sheila Jackson Lee, 400 years ago. Yup, it's a fact.
Blacks who earn a Master's degree have almost identical incomes to Whites. Blacks who earn doctorates are earning incomes on par with Whites.
For every additional year of schooling, blacks earn a higher wage premium than whites.
When all factors are held equal, wage discrimination based on race disappeared back in the 1970s.
The Myth of Racial Discrimination in Pay in the United States
The analyses of the General Social Survey data from 1974 to 2000 replicate earlier findings from the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth that racial disparity in earnings disappears once cognitive ability is controlled for. The results are robust across many alternative specifications, and further show that blacks receive significantly greater returns to their cognitive ability than nonblacks. The trend data show that there was no sign of racial discrimination in the United States as early as 1970s. The analyses call into question the necessity of and justification for preferential treatment of ethnic minorities.
2.) Yes. The data, otherwise known as the real world, shows this beyond dispute. Why else do you think that we have programs designed to equalize outcomes across race?
Most law schools don't release their admissions data. The University of Arizona law school and the University of Nebraska are exceptions. Look at these charts:
IN all cases the lowest 25% of white applicants scored higher than the highest 25% of black applicants. In 2007, there is NO OVERLAP between black and Asian/white scores. Not a single Asian/white applicant scored as low as the highest scoring black applicant