Health situational awareness11 281 is the active, continuous, accurate, and timely collection,
282 analysis, interpretation, and sharing of data from multiple sources to support effective decision-
283 making before, during, and after an incident with negative health consequences. Health
situational awareness includes biosurveillance12 284 and other health and nonhealth inputs (e.g.,
285 lab/diagnostics, health service utilization, active intelligence, and supply chain information, as
286 shown in Figure 3), as well as systems and processes for effective communication among
287 responders and critical health resource monitoring and allocation.
289 The Nation will continue to develop and maintain a robust capacity for health situational
290 awareness. Such a capacity will enable decision-makers to identify and understand
291 environmental and emerging health threats and their potential consequences; to monitor available
response capabilities and resources; to identify triggers for course correction; and to allocate and
293 use resources efficiently and effectively. Health situational awareness will include a focus on at-
294 risk individuals with access and functional needs. It will be user defined depending on what
295 decision is being made, and by whom, so it will be relevant to different ‘consumers.’ In addition,
296 health situational awareness will be flexible, adaptive, and dynamic in order to support decision-
297 makers effectively as situations evolve and their information requirements change.