So we have 3 categories: Free Persons (including indentured servants), Indians not taxed (and the grammar implies that Indians who are taxed fall under "free Persons," and All other Persons. Who, besides slaves, are you proposing that "all other Persons" refers to? It doesn't say "slaves" but it can mean nothing else. Oh, I forgot, you're proposing some other category for Blacks who were not slaves but not recognized as free. I'm not aware of any such category. I downloaded a copy of the Census of 1820 and there were 3 basic categories: Free White, Slaves, and Free Colored. And of note: ALL states had listings for Free Colored.Representatives and direct Taxes shall be apportioned among the several States which may be included within this Union, according to their respective Numbers, which shall be determined by adding to the whole Number of free Persons, including those bound to Service for a Term of Years, and excluding Indians not taxed, three fifths of all other Persons.
And looking at the 1860 Cenus, same thing.
In any case it has NOTHING to do with citizenship.
Your source for Black Civil War soldiers only states that " believing that this would prove their right to citizenship and the vote" but nowhere does it say any Black soldiers were actually granted citizenship.
ummm the act of congress made them citizens via birthright citizenship. The 14th just made it constitutionally protected from a new act of congress changing things. So my point remains...it was birthright citizenship and ONLY birthright citizenship that made Blacks citizens.they were made citizens by act of congress as you have shown. However you do have a point about the 14th which was the ratified to roll up the issue you mention, as well as a few others to clean up after the war.
Untrue. Right at the beginning of the Dred Scott Decison it states "A free negro of the African race, whose ancestors were brought to this country and sold as slaves, is not a "citizen" within the meaning of the Constitution of the United States." Can't get much plainer than that. Note that Immigration was restricted to Free White Persons.not so. Even IF the 14th weren't ratified, the ones who served or who had freemen status were considered to have citizenship.
No, why would it? Citizenship has never automatically given the right to vote...certainly not in the Constitution. the 15th ammendment forbids denying the right to vote based on race, color or previous condition of servitude, the 19th forbids denying it based on sex, the 24th forbids denying the right to vote for Federal Offices due to failure to pay tax, and the 26th forbids denying it based on age (for those 18 and older). But there is nothing in the Constitution saying citizens have the right to vote...that's all state law. A state can quite constitutionally allow non-citizens the right to vote for President.And what of the women in your scenerio? If all blacks, all people residing within the US at the time were given citizenship - why couldn't they vote? Wouldn't the 14th have over-ridden any constitutional bar to that?