Puntland is a region. North of Somalia. Neighbour to Somaliland.
Unlike Somaliland, it does not wish to get independence from Somalia. It wishes to become a federal State alongside Somalia. However recently, there has been disturbances in this previous status quo (it has withdrawn from TFG and refuses to recognize it's legitimacy and wishes to replace it)
The lined area between Somaliland and Puntland is disputed territory.
I'm from Somaliland and I myself am guilty of the criticism I am about to place on my people.
I think we have acted selfishly.
We separated ourselves completely from Somalia after the civil war understandably so considering the former dictator of Somalia tried to wipe us out but we are blaming the South in it's entirety for what happened with only his small sub clan
Somaliland has refused to take part or help any peace talks. I think that is unforgivable.
We have turned our back on our duties in the South and have used our grievances as a shield to not do anything and instead have turned to the West for Independence by showing we can be a democracy.
If anyone can bring peace to Somalia. It is the kin and neighbor next door, not outside forces.
The same methods that was used to bring peace to Somaliland. To reconcile the Qabils and build a democracy and through months of negotiations and peaceful resolution.
Somaliland can become the perfect neutral territory to host the talks and a key negotiator in decisions.
I want Somaliland to step up. Host peace conferences. Invite all the clan leaders, including factions of Al Shabab.
Sharia law will become the basis of any new Somalia. That is a given and have it written into the constitution.
The political model any new Somalia will I think be highly decentralized federalism to accommodate our rivalries.
Our neighbors all have their own agendas in regards to Somalia. They all have a vested interest in seeing Somalia weak. Ethiopia, Eritrea, Djibouti, Kenya.
I have moved from wanting Somaliland to be recognized as Independent to opposing it. It is not in the interests of all Somalis. I was only thinking very selfishly about the best interests of Somalilanders.
Only Puntland and Somaliland can benefit from true peace and if Somaliland still wants it's independence. It can find it through negotiation with a Government of Somalia rather than asking UK or US to recognize us, which will never happen due to the political complexities in the region.
TFG = Transitional Federal Government.
Many of them are relics of the Dictatorship and Warlords. Those who are hated, unrepresentative and are protected by AU and UN Soldiers.
US has been funding it due to seeing it as a means to get a Government in Somalia.
They are made up of those from a certain Qabils who are hated and unrepresentative.
AU Soldiers in Somalia is seen as a occupation and invaders of Somali territory. Somalis do not like foreigners in Somalia. Even if they are African.