(I'm not going to quote everything out... there's too much information)
First Geneva Convention - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
* Article 12 mandates that wounded and sick soldiers who are out of the battle should be humanely treated, and in particular should not be killed, injured, tortured, or subjected to biological experimentation. This article is the keystone of the treaty, and defines the principles from which most of the rest the treaty is derived, including the obligation to respect medical units and establishments (Chapter III), the personnel entrusted with the care of the wounded (Chapter IV), buildings and material (Chapter V), medical transports (Chapter VI), and the protective sign (Chapter VII).
* Article 15 mandates that wounded and sick soldiers should be collected, cared for, and protected, though they may also become prisoners of war.
* Article 16 mandates that parties to the conflict should record the identity of the dead and wounded, and transmit this information to the opposing party.
* Article 9 allows the International Red Cross "or any other impartial humanitarian organization" to provide protection and relief of wounded and sick soldiers, as well as medical and religious personnel.
Second Geneva Convention - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Third Geneva Convention - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia# Articles 12 and 18 requires all parties to protect and care for the wounded, sick, and shipwrecked.
# Article 21 allows appeals to be made to neutral vessels to help collect and care for the wounded, sick, and shipwrecked. The neutral vessels cannot be captured.
# Articles 36 and 37 protect religious and medical personnel serving on a combat ship.
# Article 22 states that hospital ships cannot be used for any military purpose, and owing to their humanitarian mission, they cannot be attacked or captured.
# Article 14 clarifies that although a warship cannot capture a hospital ship's medical staff, it can hold the wounded, sick, and shipwrecked as prisoners of war
Fourth Geneva Convention - Wikipedia, the free encyclopediaArticle 12 states that prisoners of war are the responsibility of the state not the persons who capture them and that they may not be transferred to a state that is not party to the Convention.
Articles 13 to 16 state that prisoners of war must be treated humanely without any adverse discrimination and that their medical needs must be met.
Amendments:Article 32. A protected person/s shall not have anything done to them of such a character as to cause physical suffering or extermination ... the physical suffering or extermination of protected persons in their hands. This prohibition applies not only to murder, torture, corporal punishments, mutilation and medical or scientific experiments not necessitated by the medical treatment' While popular debate remains on what constitutes a legal definition of torture (see discussion on the Torture page), the ban on corporal punishment simplifies the matter; even the most mundane physical abuse is thereby forbidden by Article 32, as a precaution against alternate definitions of torture.
Protocol I - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Protocol II - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Protocol III - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
There is obviously more information to look at, and if you want the exact text of the Geneva Convention there are links within the Wikipedia pages as well as which countries are part of the Geneva Convention. (The U.S. and Iraq are part of it)
What stood out to me is that even if these people in the Apache situation were civilians, the Apache was not intentionally shooting on them because they were civilians. So I do not think their actions would be considered illegal under the Geneva Convention. However what I'd like to know is when the Apache continued shooting (and killing) the wounded men, as well as the man trying to rescue one of the wounded reporters, would the Apache's actions be seen as illegal under the Second Geneva Convention?
Also, as Iraq is apart of the Geneva Convention, any torturing of prisoners done by their forces is illegal. So I'd think the U.S. military would be given the right to stop any torture done by Iraqis.