By attacking innocent civilians who have nothing to do with the conflict, the terrorists have done nothing to help address some very real needs that the Chechen people have. They have shifted the focus to the atrocity they committed. They have undermined emergent prospects for a continuing relaxation of security measures and all but eliminated prospects for a near-term political framework that would accommodate both the Chechen people's need for greater autonomy and Russia's vital interests in the Caucasus/core need for preservation of Russia's territorial integrity.
Hopefully, in coming weeks and months, Russia will make progress in hunting down the terrorists and their leaders. Those responsible for deliberately attacking civilians should be brought to justice for their crimes.