Where under any medical code of ethics are doctors permitted to amputate normal body parts of children in order that they resemble their parents or their peers?
Protection. The sleeve of tissue known as the foreskin normally covers the glans and protects it from abrasion, drying, callusing (keratinization), and environmental contaminants. The glans is intended by nature to be a protected internal organ, like the female clitoris [see illustration]. The effect of an exposed glans and resulting keratinization on human sexual response has never been studied. Increasing reports by circumcised men indicate that keratinization causes a loss of sexual sensation, pleasure and fulfillment [3, 4].
3. Ridged bands. The inner foreskin contains bands of densely innervated, sexually responsive tissue . They constitute a primary erogenous zone of the human penis and are important for realizing the fullness and intensity of sexual response .
4. Gliding action. The foreskin is the only moving part of the penis. During any sexual activity, the foreskin and glans work in unison; their mutual interaction creates a complete sexual response. In heterosexual intercourse, the non-abrasive gliding of the penis in and out of itself within the vagina facilitates smooth and pleasurable intercourse for both partners [Blue_ArrowD096.gif (140 bytes)see illustration]. Without this gliding action, the corona of the circumcised penis can function as a one-way valve, dragging vaginal lubricants out into the drying air and making artificial lubricants essential for non-painful intercourse .
5. Specialized sensory tissue. In addition to the "ridged bands" mentioned above, thousands of coiled fine-touch receptors (Meissnerís corpuscles) constitute the most important sensory component of the penis . The foreskin contains branches of the dorsal nerve and between 10,000 and 20,000 specialized erotogenic nerve endings of several types, which are capable of sensing slight motion and stretch, subtle changes in temperature, and fine gradations in texture [7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12].
6. The frenulum. This is a highly nerve-laden web of tissue that tethers the inner foreskin to the underside of the glans [see photo]. It is similar to the frenula found under the tongue, the upper lip and the clitoral hood (female foreskin). For many intact men, the penile frenulum is a male "G-spot" that is highly pleasurable when repeatedly stretched and relaxed during sexual activity . Depending on the surgical method used, the frenulum is partially to completely destroyed by circumcision.
7. Proper blood flow. The foreskin contains several feet of blood vessels, including the frenular artery and branches of the dorsal artery. The loss of this rich vascularization interrupts normal blood flow to the shaft and glans of the penis, damaging the natural function of the penis and altering its development .
8. Immunological defense. The soft mucosa of the inner foreskin produces plasma cells, which secrete immunoglobulin antibodies, and antibacterial and antiviral proteins [7, 14], such as the pathogen-killing enzyme called lysozyme [15 and Blue_ArrowD096.gif (140 bytes)see explanation]. All of the human mucosa (the linings of the mouth, eyelids, vagina, foreskin and anus) are the body's first line of defense against disease. This benefit of the foreskin could be one possible explanation why intact men are at lower risk of chlamydia and other sexually transmitted diseases [16-21].
9. Langerhans cells. These specialized epithelial cells are a component of the immune system and may play a role in protecting the penis from sexually transmitted infections such as HIV (AIDS) [Blue_ArrowD096.gif (140 bytes)see explanation and 14-16, 18].
10. Proper lymph flow. The foreskin contains lymphatic vessels, which are necessary for proper lymph flow and immunological functioning.
11. Estrogen receptors. The foreskin contains estrogen receptors, whose purpose is not yet fully understood and needs further study .
12. Apocrine glands. These glands produce pheromones, natureís invisible yet compelling signals to potential sexual partners. The effect of their absence on human sexual behavior has never been studied .
13. Sebaceous glands. The oils produced by these glands lubricate and moisturize the foreskin and glans, so that the two structures function together smoothly.
14. Dartos fascia. This is a smooth muscle sheath that underlies the scrotum, the entire penis and the tip of the foreskin. It is necessary for proper temperature regulation of the genitals (causing these structures to elongate in the heat and shrink in the cold). Approximately half of the Dartos fascia is destroyed by circumcision .
15. Natural texture and coloration of the glans. In the intact penis, the glans normally appears moist, shiney, and pinkish-red to dark purple. These visual cues often attract and excite a sexual partner. The glans of a circumcised penis is dry, rough and often light pink to bluish-gray in color [see photos].
The Foreskin Advantage: Benefits Enjoyed by Males who are Intact (not circumcised)
MEDICAL FRAUD* and the criminal assault of boys
Questions about circumcision...
1. If victims of circumcision in Canada and the United States were female instead of male, would we be discussing the pros and cons of circumcision?
2. Would any female in America undergo circumcision for any one of the reasons currently used to promote male circumcision, even if they were legitimate?
3. Would any male dare write an article debating the pros and cons of female circumcision in Canada or the U.S.A.? If not, why not?
4. Why are females in America who are so opposed to the mutilation of their own bodies or that of their daughters so willing to let their sons undergo a practice which they would find dehumanizing themselves? Surely what is good for the gander should be good for the goose.
5. If female circumcision would be considered a form of child abuse or aggravated assault, would not the law apply equally to males, and if not, why not?
6. Why would medical doctors require guidelines regarding unnecessary and mutilating surgery? Would not their professional ethics dictate that only medical necessary surgery be done, and only when there are no other forms of treatment are available? Does non-essential and mutilating surgery really have a place in modern medicine? Is this principle not already incorporated in the Hippocratic Oath , "First, Do No Harm"?
7. If the amputation of normal, healthy body parts is an ethical therapeutic procedure used to prevent disease, would the amputation of other body parts such as routine mastectomies or hysterectomies also be acceptable? Today one in nine females develop breast cancer, and of these one in three die. Or is the male foreskin the only target?
8. Is the amputation of normal body parts really a function of medical treatment? Would not the role of medicine in reality be more aptly described as one to preserve every part of our body as long as it is physically possible? Even a child would have no trouble understanding this concept?
9. The laws in North America do not permit unnecessary, non-therapeutic surgery on non-consenting individuals. Neither are patients required to accept medical treatments regardless of the supposed medical benefits. The patient's right of choice is the basis of "informed consent". Does the possibility that a patient may receive some medical benefit from this irreversible surgery have precedence over his/her civil rights?
10. Why is it that only in the U.S.A. and Canada there is the possibility of all these terrible things happening to intact males? Why are these problems seldom seen in any other nations of the world where most males remain intact? Do the advocates of circumcision really believe that they can eradicate all forms of penile cancer, AIDS, STD, urinary tract infections or any other so- called conditions attributed to the foreskin? If so, let's amputate all foreskins and totally eliminate these problems. Intelligent members of the medical profession readily admit that these conditions would still exist, and probably in the same numbers, but now only in circumcised males.
11. If it were proven that circumcision of females would prevent penile cancer in males, would they advocates of FGM recommend female circumcision in order to prevent cancer in males? If not, Why not?
Mine is already Shnipped, so I am safe!!
THE GREATEST FREEDOM IS THE FREEDOM TO OPPRESS OTHERS
Most american males are "snipped"