UN, Iran Head for Showdown Over Nuclear Inspections
Mr. Amano is correct. Iran signed the NPT Additional Protocol in December of 2003. In short, Mr. Amano is saying that the Additional Protocol Iran signed in 2003 remains binding despite the fact that Iran has failed to honor the Additional Protocol for over a decade.June 9, 2015
VIENNA (AP) — The chief U.N. nuclear inspector said Monday that Iran has already committed to letting his experts see Iranian military sites and Iranian atomic scientists despite an alleged ban by Tehran, deepening a confrontation over how much openness Iran must accept under any nuclear deal.
Iranian Supreme leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei last month declared that "no inspection of any military site and interview with nuclear scientists will be allowed," and Iranian negotiators have since said Khamenei's ban is indisputable. Yukiya Amano, the head of the International Atomic Energy Agency however challenged that, saying Iran already has committed to permit "access to sites, documents (and) people" under a preliminary agreement that outlined components of the deal now being negotiated.
Specifically, Iran agreed to implement what is known as the IAEA's "Additional Protocol" when it agreed in April to the outlines of the deal now being worked on. More than 100 countries have an Additional Protocol agreement that gives the IAEA greater purview of their nuclear activities. Among other tools, the protocol gives IAEA experts the right to "ask for short-notice inspections or access to undeclared locations," Amano said. He said the Additional Protocol means Iran will be under the magnifying glass for "years and years" to allow the agency to certify that all present nuclear activities are peaceful.
The Additional Protocol is a legal document granting the IAEA complementary inspection authority to that provided in underlying safeguards agreements. A principal aim is to enable the IAEA inspectorate to provide assurance about both declared and possible undeclared activities. Under the Protocol, the IAEA is granted expanded rights of access to information and sites. The Protocol grants the IAEA access to any location where nuclear material is or may be present. It also permits IAEA collection of environmental samples at locations beyond declared locations when deemed necessary by the Agency.