And its often just outright lies that represent a fabricated means to an end too. The whole WMD thing was just such a lie. Bush needed the Iraq war in light of his failure to find his chosen culprit for 9/11 in Afghanistan. Failure was not an option and another bogeyman had to be found. Hussein fit the bill nicely with the prospect of a short victorious war before the 2004 elections. What wasn't to like ?- You are right that politics is often about statistical type knowledge.