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Thread: Text of agreement with Iran on its nuclear program

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    Text of agreement with Iran on its nuclear program

    Text of agreement with Iran on its nuclear program

    By The Associated Press | April 3, 2015

    The United States, Iran and five other world powers announced a deal Thursday outlining limits on Iran's nuclear program so it cannot lead to atomic weapons. Negotiators now have to take that deal and shape it into a final accord by June 30. The agreement says that "nothing is agreed until everything is agreed."
    At the link above, the parameters of the P5+1/Iran Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA) are published in 7 SECTIONS:

    ENRICHMENT
    FORDO CONVERSION
    NATANZ FACILITY
    INSPECTIONS AND TRANSPARENCY
    REACTORS AND REPROCESSING
    SANCTIONS
    PHASING


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    Re: Text of agreement with Iran on its nuclear program

    On the whole, I consider the JCPOA a fairly robust framework. As the agreement mentions however, "nothing is agreed until everything is agreed"

    There remains much to be worked out in detail. I am not happy with the 1 year breakout period. I think this should be 18 months minimum. I am also not happy that a new UN Security Council resolution will have to be implemented. This allows Russia and China, who oftentimes take the Iranian position, to act as Iranian UNSC proxies. A murky "dispute resolution process" regarding significant non-compliance issues will also be implemented. What exactly does "significant" allude to in this regard?

    The Iranians have already termed a fact sheet published by the US State Department (OP link) spin ... because details have not yet been negotiated and wholly agreed upon.


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    Re: Text of agreement with Iran on its nuclear program

    Quote Originally Posted by Simpleχity View Post
    On the whole, I consider the JCPOA a fairly robust framework. As the agreement mentions however, "nothing is agreed until everything is agreed"

    There remains much to be worked out in detail. I am not happy with the 1 year breakout period. I think this should be 18 months minimum. I am also not happy that a new UN Security Council resolution will have to be implemented. This allows Russia and China, who oftentimes take the Iranian position, to act as Iranian UNSC proxies. A murky "dispute resolution process" regarding significant non-compliance issues will also be implemented. What exactly does "significant" allude to in this regard?

    The Iranians have already termed a fact sheet published by the US State Department (OP link) spin ... because details have not yet been negotiated and wholly agreed upon.
    There is no doubt that there are still some major points to fix. And you are absolutely right that the 1 year breakout clause is disturbing, as a future President would have to act within a time frame that would make unilateral war almost inevitable, should Iran decide to go off course at some later date. This problem could easily be exacerbated by the sweeteners of automatic kick-in of sanctions. Russia and Germany would invariably argue to wait and see, how the sanctions worked giving Iran the time it needed. There are other things as well.

    But I must admit that I am surprised at the quality of the deal framework, as it is shaping up. And, though, I would want points like the above worked on, I at present think the thing could be much better than I had expected. I am still thinking about it.

    But the main thing is whether the Persians really mean it.

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    Re: Text of agreement with Iran on its nuclear program

    Quote Originally Posted by joG View Post
    But I must admit that I am surprised at the quality of the deal framework, as it is shaping up. And, though, I would want points like the above worked on, I at present think the thing could be much better than I had expected. I am still thinking about it.
    I am also surprised at what Iran has tentatively accepted in the framework. There are things that need tweaking and better definition, but this is far more than I originally envisioned.

    Quote Originally Posted by joG View Post
    But the main thing is whether the Persians really mean it.
    Agreed. Even this initial framework will be a tough sell to Iranian hard-liners.


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    Re: Text of agreement with Iran on its nuclear program

    The understanding also needs to be compared to the initial U.S. goals and the terms set forth in UNSC Res. 1696. It falls short of both. Contrary to some arguments that the understanding is "thorough," vital points are not specified. They include how Iran will reduce its LEU stockpile, what R&D is deemed "peaceful," what will preclude Iran for pursuing a nuclear breakout once the agreement's timeframe passes, etc.

    The Washington Post wrote in its editorial on the understanding:

    THE “KEY parameters” for an agreement on Iran’s nuclear program released Thursday fall well short of the goals originally set by the Obama administration. None of Iran’s nuclear facilities — including the Fordow center buried under a mountain — will be closed. Not one of the country’s 19,000 centrifuges will be dismantled. Tehran’s existing stockpile of enriched uranium will be “reduced” but not necessarily shipped out of the country. In effect, Iran’s nuclear infrastructure will remain intact, though some of it will be mothballed for 10 years. When the accord lapses, the Islamic republic will instantly become a threshold nuclear state.

    That’s a long way from the standard set by President Obama in 2012 when he declared that “the deal we’ll accept” with Iran “is that they end their nuclear program” and “abide by the U.N. resolutions that have been in place.” Those resolutions call for Iran to suspend the enrichment of uranium. Instead, under the agreement announced Thursday, enrichment will continue with 5,000 centrifuges for a decade, and all restraints on it will end in 15 years.


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    Re: Text of agreement with Iran on its nuclear program

    Anyone willing to put money that the only thing agreed to by June 30th is to keep working till September 30th?

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    Re: Text of agreement with Iran on its nuclear program

    Quote Originally Posted by Samhain View Post
    Anyone willing to put money that the only thing agreed to by June 30th is to keep working till September 30th?
    Is that what you are hoping for?
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    Re: Text of agreement with Iran on its nuclear program

    Quote Originally Posted by Simpleχity View Post
    I am also surprised at what Iran has tentatively accepted in the framework. There are things that need tweaking and better definition, but this is far more than I originally envisioned.


    Agreed. Even this initial framework will be a tough sell to Iranian hard-liners.
    You speak as though the "hard liners" were out of the loop in the negotiations. I appreciate your acknowledgement in the robust nature of the framework. FOX was incapable of the same, despite their "fair and balanced" nature.
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    Re: Text of agreement with Iran on its nuclear program

    Quote Originally Posted by Carleen View Post
    Is that what you are hoping for?
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    Re: Text of agreement with Iran on its nuclear program

    Quote Originally Posted by Montecresto View Post
    You speak as though the "hard liners" were out of the loop in the negotiations. I appreciate your acknowledgement in the robust nature of the framework. FOX was incapable of the same, despite their "fair and balanced" nature.
    I'm fairly sure Khamenei was appraised. Beyond that however, is a guessing game.

    It's not much of a stretch to speculate that not everyone in the regime will be thrilled with the framework parameters.


    Be polite, be professional, but have a plan to kill everybody you meet. -- Marine Corps General James 'Chaos' Mattis

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