Whites in poverty in the city have the exact same problems you realize, their is just less of us. Allot more whites love where their are decent schools, and therefore it is much easier to pull yourself out.
Welfare keeps people from starving barely. Sometimes it doesn't even doesn't even do that. This con line about how it hurts people and causes them tonne dependant needs to stop... It's just more racist and classiest bs.
Blacks are trapped (as all poor people are, especially those in the inner city) in a cycle of poverty. It is very hard to break this cycle because the public educational institutions continually are getting cut (usually by cons) and this makes it very hard to escape, although the most motivated do.
The cycle started with slavery and Jim crow laws. When those laws ended their was very little done to end the effects of the laws, and thus many are still dealing with racisms ramifications.