This history has led to a legacy of internalized oppression that comes from centuries of
dehumanizing practices intended to promote American Indian self-hatred and
encourage non-American Indian’s to believe that they are heroic conquerors (Munson,
2001; King & Springwood, 2000; Staurowsky, 1998; Adams, 1995; Drinnon, 1980).
Oddly enough, even though most American Indian leaders and organizations have been
voicing their discontent with the mockery and trivialization of their religion and culture,
no one seems to be listening (Sheppard, 2004; Springwood, 2001; U. S. Commission
on Civil Rights, 2001; Sigelman, 1998; Pewewardy, 1991; Mechling, 1980). In fact many
people, including some American Indians, continue to believe that American Indian
mascots and symbols serve to honor American Indian people, even though less than
ten percent of American Indians surveyed in a 2001 Indian Country Today poll felt that
mascots and symbols generally honored American Indian communities.