Population in 2008, September was 303,850,456. The increase in population to now is a little over 4% to 317,357, 120.
The total employed in september 2008 was about 145,255,000. This produced an unemployment rate of 6.1%.
To have kept pace with population growth and to maintain a 6.1 unemployment rate, the number employed would have had to increase by more than 4% to a level of 151,065,200: This would be an increase in the number of jobs of 5,810,200 in round numbers.
Where are we really? We are actually down from the 2008 level to about 144,586,000. Instead of an increase of 5.81 million jobs, we have a decrease of .669 million jobs. This is a shortfall from the normal, non-spectacular job maintenance of 6.1% unemployment. Using the additional unemployed and adding to the baseline of 2008, this would create an unemployment factor of 11% give or take. If you convert the population and other numbers which gets too complex for me, the picture gets less optimistic.
On balance I'd goes that the 20% number was a tad overstated and the 11% I swaged is low. Probably closer to 12 or 13%.
However you slice it, though, the picture is bleak and the top priority should be providing the conditions that will allow job creation and slowing the regulation mill and other factors that have the movers and shakers paralyzed with fear.
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