The earliest known use of something like the filibuster being used in a legislative body goes back to ancient Rome 60 BC.
This is not an American invention.
The senate like the house once had a simple majority rule to cut off debate on the floor. This rule was mistakenly removed in an attempt to streamline the procedural rules and the potential for the filibuster came into being in 1805.
When McConnell chose to abuse this loophole in procedural rules by filibustering EVERY nomination the President made, he brought on this change that occurred today. Appointments will now proceed as was intended and approval will only require a simple majority...like the used to do ...like the house.
This is not the end of the world as some have depicted .
It is a return to some semblance of democracy where presidential appointments are concerned..