This is not the end of the controversy as is noted in the article. Refusing to take the NY case would seem to be in conflict with decisions made in lower level Federal courts
Justices Refuse Case on Gun Law in New York
WASHINGTON The Supreme Court said Monday that it would not weigh in on a major Second Amendment question that has divided the lower courts: May states bar or strictly limit the carrying of guns in public for self-defense?
The justices turned down a case concerning a New York State law that requires people seeking permits for carrying guns in public to demonstrate that they have a special need for self-protection. In urging the justices to hear the case, the National Rifle Association called the law a de facto ban on carrying a handgun outside the home.
Additional cases presenting essentially the same question are likely to reach the court in the coming months.
and the freakout will ensue