Iraqi Junior Army officers were trained in United States and Russia in chemical warfare during the 1960s. The Iraqi army then formed the Chemical Corps.
Al Muthanna State Establishment (MSE) oversaw operations for producing biological agents from 1986 onwards
Al Muthanna’s ability to produce chemical weapons ended with the Gulf war, and soon afterwards the UN resolution proscribed Iraq’s ability to produce chemical weapons. The majority of the Al Muthanna complex was bombed during Desert Storm, completely incapacitating Iraq’s chemical weapon production capabilities.
From 1992 to 1994, UNSCOM’s Chemical Destruction Group (CDG) oversaw destruction operations. A portion of the facility was transformed into a CW agent destruction facility. An incinerator was constructed in the summer of 1992 for the destruction of mustard agent at the munitions filling location. Chemical munitions stored throughout Iraq were to be gathered and destroyed at Al Muthanna.
■Between 1992 and 1994 the facility was the primary collection and destruction site for all declared CW agents, precursor chemicals, and chemical production equipment.
■Between 1992 and 1994 and again in 1996, the CDG oversaw destruction of 30,000 pieces of ordnance, 480,000 liters of chemical agents, and more than 2 million liters of chemical precursors. Eventually, most of the facilities at the complex the Iraqi’s destroyed and sold for scrap.
■Equipment that survived Desert Storm was tagged by UN or destroyed, but the UN was never able to verify that all equipment purchased for MSE was tagged or destroyed.
■Two Cruciform Bunkers were sealed containing munitions too dangerous for destruction.
■Bunkers, damaged by coalition bombing, collapsed, concealing unaccounted CW equipment and munitions in the debris. Over the next ten years some of the facilities were razed by the Iraqis. Precise accountability of equipment and munitions is unverifiable, because the National Monitoring Directorate and UNSCOM did not always oversee excavation.
The entire Al Muthanna mega-facility was the bastion of Iraqi’s chemical weapons development program. During its peak in the late 1980s to early 1990s, it amassed mega-bunkers full of chemical munitions, and provided Iraq with a force multiplier sufficient to counteract Iran’s superior military numbers. Two wars, sanctions and UNSCOM oversight reduced Iraqi’s premier production facility to a stockpile of old damaged and contaminated chemical munitions(sealed in bunkers), a wasteland full of destroyed chemical munitions, razed structures, and unusable war-ravaged facilities. In 1998 Al Tariq State Establishment took over all remaining remnants at Al Muthanna.
The former Regime had no formal written strategy or plan for the revival of WMD after sanctions. Desert Storm and subsequent UN resolutions and inspections brought many of Iraq’s delivery system programs to a halt. While much of Iraq’s long-range missile inventory and production infrastructure was eliminated, Iraq until late 1991 kept some items hidden to assist future reconstitution of the force. This decision and Iraq’s intransigence during years of inspection left many UN questions unresolved.
• Coalition airstrikes effectively targeted much of Iraq’s delivery systems infrastructure, and UN inspections
dramatically impeded further developments of long-range ballistic missiles.
• It appears to have taken time, but Iraq eventually realized that sanctions were not going to end quickly.
This forced Iraq to sacrifi ce its long-range delivery force in an attempt to bring about a quick end to the sanctions.
• After the fl ight of Husayn Kamil in 1995, Iraq admitted that it had hidden Scud-variant missiles and components
to aid future reconstitution but asserted that these items had been unilaterally destroyed by late 1991.
The UN could not verify these claims and thereafter became more wary of Iraq’s admissions and instituted a
Regime of more intrusive inspections.
• The Iraq Survey Group (ISG) has uncovered no evidence Iraq retained Scud-variant missiles, and debriefings
of Iraqi officials in addition to some documentation suggest that Iraq did not retain such missiles
While a small number of old, abandoned chemical munitions have been discovered, ISG judges that Iraq unilaterally destroyed its undeclared chemical weapons stockpile in 1991. There are no credible indications that Baghdad resumed production of chemical munitions thereafter, a policy ISG attributes to Baghdad’s desire to see sanctions lifted, or rendered ineffectual, or its fear of force against it should WMD be discovered.
"The munitions addressed in the report were produced in the 1980s, Maples said. Badly corroded, they could not currently be used as originally intended, Chu added."
Badly corroded? Could not be used?, hardly the spell bound WMD 30 minute Armageddon strike purported just before the invasion is it?
Let us also not forget the backhanded duplicity of giving the Dictator the WMD's in the first place.
Courtesy of NeoCon Rupert Murdoch who also runs Fox News
AUSTAN GOOLSBEE: I think the world vests too much power, certainly in the president, probably in Washington in general for its influence on the economy, because most all of the economy has nothing to do with the government.
If you have a problem don't attack the messenger, attack the message if you don't like the message.
BTW: My head is still attached. The libs say they are concerned about 5,000 dead, but those are just words considering the left has a poor track record over the past forty five years of not giving a damn about those who serve. What about the Cn'C who signed off on a CIA backed military coup to remove a corrupt leader of a sovereign nation that backfired and resulted in 58,000 American deaths ? He got a complete pass by the left while they blamed his two predecessor's and those who did serve.
It was the shell casings that were corroded not what was inside the shell casings. Sarin gas and mustard gas are not metals so they can't corrode.
After 9/11/01 it wasn't the artillery shells that many were scared of but what was inside the artillery shells. They were scared that Al Qaeda would some how get their hands on what was inside the shells. I seriously doubt Al Qaeda was going to put a battery of 155 MM howitzers on the Hudson River in New Jersey and fire artillery rounds filled with sarin and mustard gas on New York City.
Mustard and sarin gas was found in Iraq and the political left said it didn't count. What would count ? What would meet the definition of the political left of a WMD ? How many grams, ounces, pounds, tons would meet their definition as being a WMD ? They refuse to tell us. They have a political agenda and we have seen since the 1970's the political left keep changing definition of words at a whim to further their political agenda.
Before 9/11 in the military community it was always NBC (nuclear, biological, nuclear.)
I guess any thing that can kill more than one person could be called a WMD. But we have to ask a white beard scratching liberal how many lives would have to be killed befolre that weapopn meets their deffinition as being a WMD, they are the ones who decide now days.
A biological weapon like anthrax, mustard gas or sarin cause no destruction except to living things. A nuclear detonation would cause a lot of destruction. After that weapon the 16 " guns on a Iowa class battleship would be the most destructive weapon their is. Just one salvo from the 16" gun battery on an Iowa would level a 1/4 square mile of any city.
Eric Holder's Department of Justice announced they were going to prosecute an American who supposedly fired a RPG in Syria. The DOJ has classified the RPG as a WMD saying since it could be used to shoot down a civilian aircraft with 200 souls on board, it meets the definition as a WMD. I suppose a Boeing 737 is also a WMD because they were used as a weapon to kill 3,000 people on 9/11.
Who coined the phrase WMD ? Was it just a propaganda phrase to influence and scare people to further an agenda ?
Last edited by APACHERAT; 04-15-13 at 12:10 PM.
If Bush and Blair lied about WMD, then they must have had some ulterior motive to invade IRaq. What was it?