No, that's not what this ruling means. A foreign company, buying one copy of a copyrighted product from the U.S., and making endless copies of it would be a violation of the copyright, regardless of what it did with those endless copies; and this ruling does not change that in the least.
Originally Posted by ttwtt78640
What this is about is copyright holders allowing their works to be sold for a different price in one country than in another; and the legality of someone buying a copy in a country where the price is lower, and then bringing that copy into a country where the price is higher, and selling it.
I note that a statement from a trade group that opposed this ruling seems to bring the most clarity about what this ruling is really about…
The Software & Information Industry Association, the principal trade association for the software and digital content industries, said in a statement that it is "strongly disappointed" by the ruling.
"Today’s decision will create a strong disincentive for publishers to market different versions and sell copies at different prices in different regions," the statement said. "The practical result may very well be that consumers and students abroad will see dramatic price increases or entirely lose their access to valuable U.S. resources created specifically for them.
“American publishers will face direct harm, because our markets will be open to a flood of copyrighted material that was intended for purchase overseas. By exploiting pricing models that are meant for students in undeveloped nations, importers both deny those students a full education, and threaten American publishers’ ability to do business abroad.”
Publishers want to be able to charge lower prices in some countries, and higher prices in others, according to what the economic conditions in those various countries best support; and they want this practice to be protected by prohibiting copyrighted materials bought in one country to be sold in another. What this ruling establishes is that no, the publishers are not entitled to this protection, at the expense of the right under the First Sale Doctrine of someone who has legitimately purchased a copyrighted work to sell it when and where he chooses, even if he does so in a place where the publisher is trying to charge a higher price than the publisher charges in the place where the first sale occurred.