To summarize, democratic deficit in Europe is caused by lack of proper elections and transparency.
1. Commission is not elected
2. Council consists of the head of states. They are elected by the coalition who are elected on domestic issues not on EU issues. Hence, if voters want politicians who represent them on EU-issues then they have to sacrifice domestic issues.
3. In Parliament it is illegal to vote for parties outside your home country, and the elections are not in fact bout Europe, but are ‘second-order national contests’: fought by national parties on the performance of national governments, with lower turnout than national elections, and hence won by opposition and protest parties.
4. Also, there is a lack of information and voters have no idea what their parties are doing in the parliament. Hence, a lack of accountability.
To improve this problem, then
1. The President should be elected. and there should be only one President
2. The Parliament is given the power to create laws
3. Voters can vote for all parties in Europe. To encourage large European parties then a 5% limit can be created. If any party gets less than 5% then it won't be represented in parliament.
4. The representative for the council is elected. That will resolve problem number 2
5. With enough signatures (10% of the population in Europe) there will be an European wide poll.
6. A website with voting information for each representative should be created, to create transparency.
7. Term period is reduced from 5 years to 4 or 3 years.