Advocates like Human Rights Watch have spoken out against this ambiguous language, noting that it could be implemented in a way that undermines women's rights. It is also worth mentioning that only four women participated in the 85-strong constitutional assembly body that ultimately ratified the draft constitution.
With respect to religious freedom, the draft constitution says, "The State shall guarantee the freedom to practice religious rites and to establish places of worship for the divine religions [also translated as "monotheistic religions"], as regulated by law." This is a step back from the 1971 constitution, which did not restrict religious freedom. Some fear that this article will further imperil already embattled religious minorities, such as as Egypt's Baha'is.
The draft constitution's implications for freedom of speech are also worrisome. Of particular concern to journalists are provisions that ban blasphemy and certain forms of "insult"
; articles that seem to give the government a heavy hand in editorial control; and potential, if still ambiguous, limitations on press freedom in accordance with the "requirements of national security" and "the basic principles of the State and society," as explained in Article 48.