Americans are so enamored of equality that they would rather be equal in slavery than unequal in freedom.
Alexis de Tocqueville
For a year now, Marshall, Michigan, has resembled a town under siege. [...] It’s been like this since last July 25 , when more than 800,000 gallons of crude spilled from a pipeline into a creek that feeds the Kalamazoo River, about 100 miles upriver from Lake Michigan. The EPA ranks it as the largest spill in Midwestern history, but even so, officials say that oil from a typical disaster of that size would have been cleaned up long ago: skimmed, soaked, and vacuumed from the surface.
But this was no typical oil spill. The pipeline owned by the Canadian company Enbridge carried mostly heavy, viscous crude from tar sands fields in Alberta, Canada, bound for Midwestern refineries. Raw tar sands oil, or bitumen, is so thick that it has to be mixed with a thinning compound, or diluent -- a highly volatile derivative of natural gas that includes large amounts of benzene and other toxic chemicals -- in order to make it liquid enough to pump through pipelines. When that combination, known as DilBit, spilled out of the ruptured pipeline, the benzene and other chemicals in the mixture went airborne, forcing mandatory evacuations of surrounding homes (many of which were later bought by Enbridge because their owners couldn’t safely return), while the thick, heavy bitumen sank into the water column and coated the river and lake bottom, mixing with sediment and suffocating bottom-dwelling plants, animals, and micro-organisms.
A Year After Pipeline Spill, Tar Sands Oil Still Plagues a Michigan Community | OnEarth Magazine[Reuters Jul 14, 2011] An Exxon Mobil pipeline that ruptured, leaking [42,000 gallons of] oil into Yellowstone River, may have sometimes carried a heavier and more toxic form of crude than initially thought, federal regulators said on Thursday. The U.S. Transportation Department's Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration spokeswoman Patricia Klinger said her office had learned that the pipeline may have been used to carry heavier crude.
"I just found out that apparently, and the regional folks just found out, there is an interconnect on the pipeline that possibly does carry some oil out of Canada," she said in response to a question about tar sands crude in the pipeline. [...] Tar sands crude may cause more wear and tear on pipes because of its chemical makeup, including corrosive and abrasive agents, said Tom Finch, the pipeline administration's technical services director for the western regional office.
Montana spill pipeline may have carried oil sands crude | Reuters
Last edited by Karl; 01-31-12 at 08:18 PM.
If you truly wish to continue however, might I suggest you address the Data I provided above....oh, and I type the words I think, even if it rubs you the wrong way.
No. New. Jobs. At. All.
Thanks for providing that insight
I think if we don't get into solar manufacturing now, we'll be buying panels from China for a very long time.
Historically a lot of new technologies have come from government spending. WWII, Vietnam, the Cold War, and the Space Race created new technologies with spin-offs we never would have imagined. Corporations are great at taking an existing market and making better products but a huge number of new markets have been opened by gadgets the government needed and developed. Planes/jets, helicopters, nuclear power, and tons of stuff from NASA:
NASA - Technologies Available for Licensing
THE BEST OF NASA'S SPINOFFS
Even modern toothpaste was developed for NASA - the astronauts needed something they could ingest.
That's what has been happing with technology forever, and it is not a bad thing. There us no shame in letting others develop first and then building on that. And it would be interesting to see China complain about any 'piracy' as a result of others copying their advancements.
NASA should be auctioned off. There is no longer any need for its existence.Even modern toothpaste was developed for NASA - the astronauts needed something they could ingest.
2011 preview: Private space flight takes off - space - 23 December 2010 - New Scientist
NASA has trivialized itself to such a degree from what it once was that it will never recover.
NASA Chief: Next Frontier Better Relations With Muslim World | Fox News
Seriously dude, are you incapable or just unwilling to do any research ??? The pipeline was moved away from the Ogallala Aquifer last November.
Seriously dude, are you incapable of research, or simply unwilling.
"The first Keystone tar sands pipeline, constructed less than a year ago, has sprung its twelfth leak, spilling up to 2,100 gallons of raw tar sands crude oil in Kansas on May 29th when a pipeline fitting around a pressure transmitter failed. This comes just three weeks after a broken pipe fitting on Keystone resulted in a 60’ geyser of tar sands crude, spewing 21,000 gallons in North Dakota. "