Misdemeanor vs. Felony
Lying on a police report is considered a misdemeanor or felony, depending on the type of crime reported. If you lied about a misdemeanor, a non-capital felony -- such as insurance fraud -- or missing person, for instance, the crime is a misdemeanor, according to Miami attorney firm Hassett & Associates. Most cases fall into this category. However, if you filed a report about a capital felony -- such as attempted murder -- you may be personally charged with a felony.
Fines, Jail Time or Both
In most cases, reporting false information to law enforcement will result in a fine, time in a county jail or both. The amount of fine or jail time varies by state. Lying to the police in Alabama, for instance, means up to one year in jail and $2,000 in fines. In Colorado, jail time maxes out at six months and the fine at $750. In New Jersey, the maximum penalty jumps to 18 months in jail and a fine of $10,000.